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Phillpotts - Henry., Bishop of Exeter

 

Henry Phillpotts, D.D., Bishop of Exeter. b. May 6, 1778 at 5.15 pm, Bridgwater, Somerset, England. d. Sept. 18, 1869, Torquay, Devon, son of John and Sibella Phillpotts. At the age of only thirteen years and a half he was elected a scholar of Corpus Christi, Oxford, was ordained deacon by Bishop Randolph in 1802, and priest by Bishop Majendie in 1804, in which year he published his 'Sermon on 5th November,' delivered before the University of Oxford.

He represented the conservative High Church wing of the Oxford Movement and emphasized liturgical forms of worship, Episcopal government, monastic life, and early Christian doctrine as normative of orthodoxy. His unsuccessful attempt to block (1847-51) the pastoral appointment of George C. Gorham because of his Calvinistic view of Baptism gave rise to one of the most publicized ecclesiastical lawsuits in the 19th century and agitated High Church feeling against Parliament's intervention in religious questions. He actively supported Tory politics, opposing social reform and religious toleration.

Whilst rector of Stanhope and dean of Chester and a prebendary of Durham, he was elected by the Chapter of Exeter successor to Dr. Bethell, on 22nd November, 1830, confirmed on 9th December, consecrated on 2nd January, 1831, and installed here twelve days later. His lordship found the palace in a very unfit state to receive him; but he has restored it in a most creditable manner. And all must admit that whilst he has presided longer than any of his predecessors since the days of Queen Elizabeth, so none have surpassed him in talents, in energetic zeal for his church, in attention to the respectability and comforts of the inferior clergy, and in the diffusion of education.

 

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